Ransomware is malicious software that infects your computer and denies access to your files until you pay a ransom. Cryptolocker is one of the most common versions of ransomware and is typically spread through phishing emails disguised as an installer zip file attachment. The latest version of Cryptolocker is capitalizing on the release of Windows 10.
When a computer is infected with Cryptolocker, the virus will contact the server to activate the attack, then begin to encrypt all of the files on that machine. Once the files are encrypted, it posts a message asking for payment to decrypt the files – and threatens to destroy the information if it doesn't get paid.
The first Cryptolocker virus was discovered back in 2013. Since then the virus has evolved and there are several versions out there today – some inconspicuous and intelligent enough to circumvent the highest level of antivirus software available.
There have been countless Cryptolocker attacks over the past 2 years, with corporate ransoms upward of thousands of dollars. Victims are left with 2 options: pay the ransom using Bitcoin (an uninsured, untraceable electronic currency) thus, furthering security risks; or simply wipe your machine and consider your files gone.
So, how does one recognize and avoid downloading malware, such as Cryptolocker?
The answer is not cut and dry, but here are a few tips to consider:
If you find yourself infected with Cryptolocker or any other form of ransomware, do not panic. Contact your IT provider, they are the experts and will know the proper steps to take to remove the virus and get you back up and running in a timely fashion.